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Smaller Spaces

For Biodiversity

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Even the smallest balcony, patio or courtyard can be used to attract and help our wildlife as well as being a welcoming green space for you to relax in.

You will be amazed over time what creatures might arrive. Why not put up some bird feeders during the winter months with different foodstuffs to maximize the chance of attracting different species. You could have separate peanut , sunflower, nyger seed and bird cake feeders.   

What better way to start the day on a winters morning as you have your breakfast watching the birds having theirs outside your window.

With regard to plants, as the space is small its important to use plants that will have a long flowering season and will look good. As they might need to be in pots, if on a balcony, you will need to keep them watered and fed. Plants will quickly use up all the soil nutrients in a pot so a liquid feed of an organic seaweed food once a week during the growing season would be ideal, whilst in between making sure the soil does not dry out.

Some great choices for pots would be the likes of the many Sedums, a plant that will flower in late summer and into autumn and much loved by bees and butterflies, and does not need to much watering



































So where to start ?


Well the key to attracting wildlife into your garden is to first off create the environment that will be a rich habitat for  all manner of insect life. These insects, apart from being colorful and fascinating themselves, will be a food source and attract larger animals higher up the food chain. Then you need to provide the habitat to encourage these larger animals to stay and possibly breed in this wonderful wildlife habitat you have created.



In relation to the wildlife that in your garden it doesn't always have to be the bigger animals that are the star attractions. It can be just as fascinating exploring and observing the worlds of the smaller critters, for example identifying some of our intriguing solitary bees, such as the mining solitary bees which burrow into the soil to lay their eggs. Or the amazing leaf cutter solitary bees, that nest in such locations as hollow plant stems, or the bee hotel you might have put up, and that cut up sections of leaves and bring them to their nests to seal up the entrances.


So they are the culprits that have been leaving bite marks out of your rose leaves... Perhaps ? .


There is so much to see if we take the time to look, and one thing is certain there is absolutely no end to the fascination..

When planting in our gardens we often overlook the stunning native trees, shrubs and wildflowers we have here in Ireland. They are at least a match, and we would contend often more impressive, and certainly overall more beneficial to our native wildlife than the ornamental plants in our garden centers. In fact most good garden centers will stock some of the plants listed below. 

Why not let a section of your lawn uncut and see what wildflowers emerge, you would be amazed once nature is given a chance to rejuvenate what will appear in the form of all manner of beautiful wildlife attracting wildflowers. Or even better, source some native wildflower seed and plant it and have your very own species rich wildflower meadow. 







The following is a list of recommended native trees and shrubs that would be great for wildlife, but will also delight you with beautiful flowering displays and in some cases, follow up with an autumn display of fiery foliage or stunning fruit, or both ! 


You then have the added benefit in that they will attract all manner of fascinating wildlife to delight you, and what about that feeling of satisfaction, knowing you are helping halt and reverse the truly alarming loss of biodiversity that we are experiencing.

Click on each plant name to see some photos we have taken of them in flower and fruit.

Native Trees and Shrubs  





Ornamental Non Native Trees Shrubs and Flowers


  • Ornamental Flowering  Cherry . Prunus serrulata ‘Tai Haku’, 

  • Bee Tree Tetradium danielli . 

  • Rowan Sorbus sp.

  • Lime tree Tilia cordata

  • Horse Chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum

  • Indian Bean Tree  Catalpa bignonioides

  • Foxglove tree Paulownia tomentosa

  • Wayfaring Tree    Viburnum lantana


  • Darwin’s barberry Berberis darwinii 

  • Hebe Hebe species 

Solitary Bee on Sorbus aucuparia
Honeybee and Bumblebee on Echium pininana
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Bumblebee with full pollen baskets on Alium sphaeracephalon
Red Admiral Butterfly on Wallflower Erysium Bowles Mauve
Solitary Bee on Dandelion
Annual Wildflower Meadow